Periodontal disease is when bacteria in plaque builds up between the gums and teeth. This causes major inflammation in your mouth which can force the gums and supporting bone structure to deteriorate. To make matters worse, gum disease has been flagged as triggers for other health problems throughout the body such as heart disease and diabetes.
Symptoms include red, swollen, or tender gums, pain in your mouth, bleeding while brushing, flossing or eating food, sensitive or loose teeth, sores in your mouth, persistent bad breath, and more. Millions of people don’t know that have this serious infection, but there’s great news. This chronic inflammation can be prevented.
Here are some simple ways to prevent periodontal disease and maintain a healthy mouth:
Brush your teeth
Brush after meals to help remove food debris and plaque trapped between your teeth and gums. Make sure you brush your tongue, as well, since that’s a prime location for bacteria. Use a soft-bristled brush and be careful to keep the aggression down. Over-brushing can cause it’s own problems, too.
Floss once a day to help remove those stuck food particles and plaque buildup that brushing may have missed. If flossing is difficult for you, consider using a special wooden or plastic pick recommended by your dentist. There are special brushes available, as well.
Swish with mouthwash
As a final attack, use mouthwash to catch the food and plaque brushing and flossing may have missed. You’ll want to use one that has the ADA seal of approval as it has been certified as safe to use.
Know your risk
Age, smoking, diet, genetics, diet choice, and hormones can all affect your likelihood of getting periodontal disease. Smoking decreases circulation that keeps the gums healthy. It’s also one of the largest contributors to gum disease. Eating a well-balanced diet can work wonders on your teeth (and overall body) health. Did you know that highly acidic foods and drinks can cause further degeneration of the gums? Sugary foods create a feeding frenzy for bacteria growth, as well. If you indulge in a sweet snack, make sure you brush and swish with mouthwash to help flush the area immediately after.
See your dentist.
Get an annual exam. Your dentist can measure any recession you may have and set up treatment before it becomes an issue. There are many things to consider such as the color and firmness of your gums as well as any pockets that may have formed because of recession.
Periodontal Disease affects more than just your breath, gums, and teeth. If left untreated, your chances of developing (or having complications from) heart disease and/or diabetes increases dramatically. Chronic inflammation is a dangerous thing for your body, and once you know you have it, don’t ignore it. It can lead to costly surgeries and implants. Your mouth is an essential part of your body and quality of life. Don’t let this preventable disease destroy your health.
Schedule an appointment with your dentist today!